Companies finance their assets through debt and equity, which form the foundation of both formulas. The company’s total assets were $366.6 billion for the fiscal year 2021, with $83.2 billion of shareholders’ equity. The equity multiplier was thus 4.41x (366.6 ÷ 83.2) based on these values.

- This makes Tom’s company very conservative as far as creditors are concerned.
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- The equity multiplier is also an important factor in DuPont factor analysis, which is a method of financial assessment devised by the DuPont Corp. for the purpose of internal review.
- It can be found from the total value of a company’s equity divided by the total value of shareholders’ equity.
- It stands to reason that the balance of assets 44%, must have been funded by liabilities, including debt.
- For starters, this metric is a key indicator of the company’s financial leverage, or its reliance on debt versus equity to fund its assets.

These documents contain valuable data, including information about a company’s liabilities, assets, and equity, which is key for your financial analysis. Securities and Exchange Commission’s EDGAR database provide access to a plethora of these reports. High equity multiplier is a high risk indicator since the company is more reliant on debt financing. Company ABC has a higher equity multiplier than company DEF, indicating that ABC is using more debt to finance its asset purchases.

## High Equity Multiplier

Shareholder’s equity is calculated as Total Assets minus Total Liabilities. Total equity is on a company’s balance sheet or in its shareholder’s equity section. The debt ratio is a company’s total debt divided by its total assets. In essence, by calculating a company’s equity multiplier or looking at its equity multiplier ratio, a business stakeholder, investor, or lender is looking to measure the company’s risk profile. HP finances only 6.4% of its assets from stockholder equity and utilizes debt to finance the remaining 93.6%. As a result, HP has a very high leverage ratio and might have seemed over-leveraged in 2020.

These values should only be compared to similar companies in the industry or historical data. These values can vary greatly depending on the industry, so an apples to oranges comparison will not be a good judgment for two different companies. Where, Shareholders Equity (SE) is the amount of a company financed through shareholder investments.

## Example of an Equity Multiplier

Any increase in the value of the equity multiplier results in an increase in ROE. A high equity multiplier shows that the company incurs a higher level of debt in its capital structure and has a lower overall cost of capital. If ROE changes over time or diverges from normal levels for the peer group, the DuPont analysis can indicate how much of this is attributable to the use the equity multiplier is equal to of financial leverage. But as is the case for practically all financial metrics, the determination of whether a company’s equity multiplier is high (or low) is dependent on the industry average and that of comparable peers. The equity multiplier is one of the ratios that make up the DuPont analysis, which is a framework to calculate the return on equity (ROE) of companies.

By comparing a firm’s multiplier to industry standards or averages, you gain a clearer picture of its financial leverage ratio. This industry-based comparison is especially helpful in evaluating a company’s competitive stance and overall health. As we mentioned earlier, equity multiplier ratio is calculated by dividing a firm’s total assets with total equity. HP Inc’s balance sheet for 2020 states that total assets were $34,681, and its total shareholder equity was worth $2,228.

## What is Equity Multiplier?

This ratio helps you see how much of a company’s assets are financed by debt, as opposed to the equity multiplier, which shows how much is financed by shareholders’ equity. A full picture comes into view when you look at both ratios side by side. A high equity multiplier typically indicates that a large portion of the company’s assets are financed by debt rather than equity. While this can signal higher financial leverage and risk, it’s not necessarily a bad thing.

This ratio can be compared to the company’s year-over-year progress or to the ratio of its direct competitors in its industry. This means that for every one dollar of equity, the company has four dollars of debt leverage. Tom’s return on equity will be negatively affected by his low ratio, however.

## Formula for the Equity Multiplier

You can use the “equity multiplier formula” or “equity multiplier ratio” to calculate a company’s debt ratio. The equity multiplier (also referred to as “EM” or “leverage ratio”) is a financial indicator allowing you to assess the proportion of a company’s assets acquired through equity as opposed to debt. This makes Tom’s company very conservative as far as creditors are concerned. When a firm’s assets are primarily funded by debt, the firm is considered to be highly leveraged and more risky for investors and creditors. This also means that current investors actually own less of the company assets than current creditors. The equity multiplier is a ratio used to analyze a company’s debt and equity financing strategy.

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That said, the EM ratio is still capable of providing a quick look into a company’s asset financing structure. Being a much faster and easy formula, it tends to be a ratio computed first before further analysis can be conducted. Higher equity multipliers typically signify that the company is utilizing a high percentage of debt in its capital structure to finance working capital needs and asset purchases. While the equity multiplier is a valuable tool, it’s not without its downsides. Like any metric, it’s just one piece of a much larger financial picture. While equity multiplier is a useful tool for assessing financial leverage, it is important to keep in mind its limitations.

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